It is the only test that could confirm or rule out osteoporosis and assess risk (performed in patients from 17 years of age). Study is painless, like ultrasound and X-ray. The radiation dose is minimal. Only densitometry of the spine and femoral neck allows the assessment of fracture risk and the decision to treat. Research forearm or heel are not recommended and may not be on the basis of a diagnosis. Densitometry of the spine best to evaluate early perimenopausal changes that are not seen at the femoral neck. The study assesses the risk of cervical fractures of long bones. The full study includes lumbar spine bone mineral density and femoral neck.
Who should be reported to the densitometry?
- women and men over 55 years of age
- postmenopausal women with risk factors for osteoporosis
- persons with a history of fractures or under the influence of disease, drugs or factors that are associated with low bone mass or cause accelerated bone loss
- before the start of drug therapy
- during the treatment to monitor the therapy
- anyone who densitometry induce the initiation of treatment
- women who stopped hormone replacement therapy
Densitometry can be performed successfully also in the diagnosis of atypical infections caused by chlamydia, and as a secondary method to determine the diet for people suffering from obesity.